Arkansas operators adhere to precise regulations by multiple local, state and federal laws through every phase of drilling and production.
The Arkansas Oil and Gas Commission (AOGC) administers oil and gas regulations. It’s responsible for preventing waste, encouraging conservation, and protecting correlative rights of ownership associated with the production of oil, natural gas, brine, and associated products.
The State of Arkansas Department of Environmental Quality (ADEQ) administers protection of state natural resources, including air, water, and land, from the threat of pollution.
At the federal level, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) handles most environmental laws. In addition, both the Bureau of Land Management and the U.S. Forest Service oversee all operations on federally owned land.
The following represent some of the federal statutes applying to Arkansas’ natural gas and oil industry.
Clean Water Act: Regulates surface discharges from drilling and production, as well as storm water runoff from production sites.
Safe Drinking Water Act: Regulates the underground injection of wastes.
Clean Air Act: Limits emissions from engines, gas-processing equipment, and other sources involved in drilling and production.
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act: Requires producers to handle and dispose of their wastes according to very specific guidelines.
Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act: Requires producers to notify local authorities and first responders about the type and amount of chemicals used on location, as well as planning in the event of an accident.
National Environmental Policy Act: Requires that exploration and production on federal lands be thoroughly analyzed for environmental impacts.
Occupational Safety and Health Act: Protects the health and safety of workers in the industry, as well as in other fields.